Almost every truck and excavating equipment I own uses group 31 size batteries. Some pieces have them in series, some in parallel. For the generator and the main engine on board, I decided to use group 31's.
A group 31 battery is for sure overkill for my three cylinder 10 kw generator, but since the money's about the same, and I had spare batteries in the shop, I used that size anyway. The main engine will start on one group 31, but two will probably be better in case I get into a situation of extended cranking or colder weather.
I still have quite a bit of scrap cherry plywood on board so I decided to use this leftover material to build the three battery boxes needed. The house bank consists of ten, six volt golf cart batteries, wired series/parallel giving us somewhere around 1200 amp hours. The house battery box along with the two other boxes for the main engine and generator have now a dual purpose of comfy engine room seats, along with a sort of work bench. The house bank box is perfectly situated for checking oil, changing filters, and priming the injection pump.
Battery charging for all three banks is being done by a Charles 80 amp, three bank, smart charger running either off of shore power or the generator. The house bank and the main engine bank will also charge off of the main engine alternator. The generator will also charge off of it's alternator. To connect the charger to the various battery banks, I ran #4 wire, and fused each hot lead where it enters the respective battery box using 80 amp ANL fuses.
The generator has it's own single circuit disconnect switch. The main engine and house bank are switched off of a Blue Sea switch panel that has the ability to combine both banks. This switch panel also has three 15 amp circuits that are hot even when the house bank is shut off. Having those constant hot and fused circuits makes for a good way to power the bilge pumps. This switch is a newer version of the old style switch. When this switch is turned on, both banks are not combined, but are seeing charge from the alternator. To prevent blowing out the alternator diodes, I am utilizing a Blue Sea automatic charging relay. The ACR automatically combines batteries when charging, isolates batteries when discharging, and also isolates batteries when starting.
Plowing through building the battery boxes, fabricating the battery and start cables, grounding all to a single ground locations, installing the switches and relays....kept me busy for a week or so after work and weekends, but the job is finished.
I can tell you from first hand experience I've had a solder joints fail on factory cable ends. I've never had a crimp joint fail ever. As important as a good crimp joint is it's just as important to secure the cables so they don't move. I hear some guys say you should do both, but my experience says its a waste of time. The only tool I"v used for crimping heavy cable ends is the hammer activated crimp tool...pretty simple and easy to keep in a tool box. I do insist on heat shrink tube over the ends, and feel you get what you pay for. Cheap heat shrink is another wast of time and money.
Because all the DC power is now finished, it was time to connect the main engine and generator control panels in the helm to each engine. The cables had been installed months ago, so all that was needed was to connect it all together. In addition to using terminal strips at the helm, I used terminal strips in the engine room. Because I will be able to start both the main engine and generator from the engine room, terminal strips make this configuration both easy to fabricate and easy to maintain.
I'm installing the engine room start switch's in the same panel I built for the house battery switch and ACR. The generator start switch is a pretty easy deal to replicate as it only uses three wires: Battery, start, and accessory. You need the accessory switch to power the electric fuel pump. I'm not going to have any gauges, just a light to let all know when the switch is sending power to the starter. The main engine switch in the engine room is going to take some figuring on my part ( this is why it's not installed yet), as it uses a power/accessory switch, a start button, and a kill button.
I should probably say at this point that I have a whole new level of respect for those electricians who are able to keep all their wires straight, tight, and neat. I put some effort in to trying to keep things neat and orderly looking, but my skill is nowhere near the level of the pros. You have my respect straight, tight, and neat wire dude!
When the generator and main engine wiring was all complete, I bumped the main engine from the helm and likewise the generator. I then bumped the generator from the engine room. The main engine and generator wiring is almost wrapped... well wrapped enough to start and operate as per design.
The next item on the list was to get the louvers installed at the top of the exhaust funnel. I'd had a tarp up there to get me through the winter, but it was a pain as it had blown off a few times. This job was a pretty simple ordeal and took longer to get the tools and parts up and back than it did to fasten the louvers. I used aluminum insert nuts ( similar to a rivet), then used 1/4" stainless machine screws. I was able to caulk the intake louver weather tight against the funnel, but can't caulk the exhaust louver until I connect the exhaust pipe ( the louver is my access to clamping the exhausts pipe to the fixed exhaust exit at the funnel lid). Summer has found us in southwestern Ohio and temperatures are forecast to be in the mid to upper 80's for the next ten days. Having the exhaust funnel operating makes a big difference in the engine room as air now rushes down the stack.
Two hangers for the silencer should be plenty. I already have the hangers in the stack, and I must say they are working great looks. Adjacent to the refrigerator is a tall access panel just for installing the long exhaust pipe. I made this panel as tall as I could without having to remove a cabinet, and I'm happy to say that I was able to easily fit an 8' long section of pipe down through that 54" tall access panel. Man is it sweet when a design works out for the good.
The exhaust stack is going to get lined with some reflective material to help keep heat in the stack. The turbo, exhaust pipe, and silencer is going to get wrapped with a blanket while it's in the engine room and most of the stack. At some point I'm going to have to weld some grab bars from the stanchions by the engine to the hand rail over the transmission. The exhaust pipe is very now tempting to grab as one makes their way to the work bench by the engine.
This week will find me installing the prop shaft and getting the engine aligned. The guys who own the boat yard said I should re align the engine a couple of weeks after she's in the water, and that they'd come up and give me a hand doing that. Access to the coupling is going to be much easier with the hydraulic pump removed. I really need to remove the pump anyway as that's going to give me better access to install two cable clamps for the start cable that I could not reach. While I'm working on that part of the engine, I'm thinking I'm going to fabricate a manifold for the cooling loop to make it easier to tie in the transmission cooler, steering cooler, and hydraulic cooler. I'm not a fan of multiple "T's" in anything, and a manifold will ultimately make my life easier.
With the hydraulic pump removed, the exhaust piping connected, the cooling system finalized, the steering system complete along with all the engine wiring, the engine should be able to be fired next week. The hydraulic system can go in ex-post-facto as it runs off of a live PTO from the transmission, and having the engine able to run prior to building the hydraulic system is of no consequence.
Having this much engine work completed by the end of this week means the shaft is in the boat, and that end of the boat is water tight. Installing the bow thruster saddle will make that end of the boat water tight, and at that point she could go in the water.... technically.
The other thing that that got accomplished was my inspection by the department of natural resources, so we now have a hull ID number and are able to get her licensed.
Because I had already sourced and accumulated most of these parts I just blogged about, my start in to getting the mechanical work rolling has been a little better than I had anticipated. While there's still some wood working that needs to get finished, I"m glad I'm wrenching now as this makes me feel like a launch is possible this year.
Friday, May 9, 2014
All the water supply and waste line plumbing is complete for the day head and the galley sink. I'm ready for the galley counter tops, which will happen as funds improve this Spring. For all practical purposes, I'm ready for finish flooring and appliances in the salon and wheel house. The flooring will be installed closer to launch as I don't want to have to protect it.
I got a little more precise on sizing the air conditioner for the wheel house and salon, and feel comfortable that one unit will do the job. This marine air conditioner will reside in the lazzarette, and one six inch, insulated duct, will feed both rooms. The duct runs under the Settee, behind the notched range cabinet, through another cabinet, then under the wheel house Settee. Believing that return air was important to making the system work better, I managed to squeeze in a six inch return air duct ( non insulated silver pipe). In a perfect world, I would have preferred to have the return air inlet as high as possible and further away from the air register. The best place I could make work for the return air inlet was the back rest in the settee bench seat.
The salon settee was more or less assembling parts I had fabricated when the wheel house was in the barn. The dimensions changed a bit on the salon between my mock up and the real world. Because of this the salon table does not fit down within the bench seats any more as I lost one and a half inch. My original plan was to have the table collapse flush with the bench seats to make the mattress more comfortable. This set up still makes for a queen size bed for guests, and as of right now, I'm leaving it as is. A few strategic cushions along with a queen size air mattress will work fine and our guests will not know the difference.
Little things make a big difference regarding tables and seats, and in the case of the salon settee table, the misplaced 1.5" makes the table more comfortable to sit at. My curves by design in the table had made the table feel a fuzz to far away from the bench, but with the change in dimensions, it now feels good.
The propane range is installed, and I did fire it up as all the gas connections are made. I am making one change to the gas line by doing away with the manual valve I have in the cabin and installing a solenoid valve. To close the cabin valve, one must now lift off the top of the range to access the valve.
Another small detail that's complete and makes a big difference is having the valance installed at the wall/ceiling wire chase. Having all the visible aspects of construction hidden behind finish material is puts a smile on my face.
The half bath sink vanity is built along with the cabinet above the sink and another cabinet above the toilet. Doors still have to be built, but again those will not slow me down or take up space with waiting to be used lumber. All the doors left to be built will be built at the barn where I have a joiner, shaper and a high quality table saw ( the barn saw has zero run out along with a super flat, heavy cast iron bed).